St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, was sent to that country by Pope St. Celestine as a missionary.
He found Ireland heathen and left it Christian.
St.Patrick died, A.D. 464, and was buried at Down, in Ulster.
He scattered the seed of the Gospel with such success that, from the innumerable band of holy men and women which it produced, the verdant land of Erin was known in the Middle Ages by the glorious title of the "Island of Saints" - a glory which three centuries of bitter persecution of the Catholic Faith at the hands of the Anglican Church utterly failed to eclipse.
Pius IX in 1859 as a tribute to the vigorous faith of this nation raised the feast of St. Patrick which has appeared in the Roman Breviary since the Fifteenth Century, to the rank of a double.
Patrick is the great patriach of the Irish episcopate, and of Irish monachism. This monachism left its mark throughout mediaeval Europe wherever the Scotti planted their tents and introduced their traditions. His feast is a Holy Day of obligation in Ireland; there is a church dedicated to him in Rome, not far from the Via Salaria.
St.Patrick and the Necessity of Baptism
History records that St.Patrick - who himself raised some forty infidels from the dead- raised a number of people from the dead specifically in order to baptise them, something which was totally unnecessary if one can be saved without baptism. As one scholar notes,
"In all, St. Patrick brought to life some forty infidels in Ireland, one of whom was King Echu... On raising him from the dead, St. Patrick, instructed and baptised him, asking what he had seen of the other world.. King Echu told him how he had actually beheld the throne prepared for him in Heaven because of his life being open to the grace of Almighty God, but that he was not allowed to enter precisely because he was as yet unbaptised. After receiving the sacraments...(he) died instantly and went to his reward."