New Zealand's National Flag Now Under Threat of Exile in Up-Coming Referendum
Background and History of the New Zealand Flag
The first flag of New Zealand to be based on the British Blue ensign was introduced in 1867 following the Colonial Navy Defense Act 1865, which required all ships owned by the colonial governments fly the defaced Royal Navy Blue ensign with a colonial badge. The Union Flag is in the canton and the four stars with white borders is to the right. The stars' pattern represent the asterium within the constellation Crux, the Southern Cross.
What is the canton in a flag?
The canton of a flag is the top inner corner of a flag. It is a common location for another flag to be copied in miniature. For instance, the flags of Australia and New Zealand have the Union Jack as their canton, just like the Fijian flag.
The British Blue Ensign
Fijian National Flag
New Zealand did not have a Colonial badge or indeed a Coat of Arms of its own at this stage, and so the letters "NZ" were simply added to the Blue ensign.
In 1869 First Lieutenant of the Royal Navy vessel, HMS Blanche, Albert Hastings Markham, submitted a design to the New Zealand Governor General, which incorporated the Southern Cross which was approved. Initially it was used on government ships, but in 1902, it was adopted as the de facto national flag.
The Union Jack or the Union Flag
The Union Jack or the Union flag is the national flag of the United Kingdom, and was adopted in 1801. The design is the Cross of St. Andrew (white) counterchanged with the Cross of St. Patrick (red), over all the Cross of St. George ( in red).
The Southern Cross
The Southern Cross
The Southern Cross or Crux is a constellation in the Southern hemisphere sky in a bright part of the Milky Way.
The name is Latin for Cross, and commonly known as the Southern Cross.
Predominating the asterism is the most southerly and brightest star, the blue-white Alpha Crucis or Acrux - followed by four other stars in clockwise order, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Epsilon Crucis
Southern Cross - Crux
The Cross is generally accepted as a symbol of Christianity, upon which Christ died for the salvation of mankind.
Unto the end. A psalm for David. "The heavens shew forth the glory of God, and the firmament declareth the work of his hands." - Psalm 18:2
"The heavens show forth the glory of God" - Crux showing the two bright pointer stars, Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri, roughly pointing to Gamma Crucis, the head of the Cross, during the month of September, as shown below.
Position of the Southern Cross at various times of the year
The First New Zealand Flag
New Zealand's first flag was the flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand adopted in 1834, some six years before the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. It was designed by the missionary Henry Williams, featuring a modified Cross of St. George and chosen out of three others by the chiefs. It is still flown on the flagpole at Waitangi each year.
Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand or the White ensign
Waitangi Day Flagpole
Referendums on the future of the New Zealand Flag
Did you know that we are going to have a referendum, another referendum? No, actually two referendums (referenda, strictly speaking), for the first time on the New Zealand flag.
The first referendum will be in the form of a postal vote between 20 November, 2015 and 11 December, 2015, where you will be given the chance to vote for one flag from a choice of five ( already selected), by way of ranking the five alternative flag designs.
The second referendum held will be held in March, 2016 where you will have the opportunity to choose between the current New Zealand flag and the preferred alternative flag design.
Both referendums are binding, so we are told!
O.K. So what have we got so far?
On the left of the New Zealand flag, the canton, we have the Union Flag or the Union Jack as it is commonly referred to, compromised of three crosses, representing that of St. Andrew, the elder brother of St. Peter, and, like him, a fisherman of the lake of Galilee, was moved to follow Jesus, who chose him to be one of the twelve apostles. He was crucified in Patras in the Greek manner.
His feast is important not only on account of the position it holds in the Missal ( at the Proper of the Saints) but more especially on account of the antiphons of the Divine Office and the passages from Holy Scripture read in the Mass.
St. Andrew's feast day is November 30.
The Flag of Scotland from St. Andrew's Cross
Then we have the Cross of St. Patrick (in red), counterchanging St. Andrew's Cross (in white).
St. Patrick, Bishop and Confessor, Apostle of Ireland, was sent to that country by Pope St. Celestine as a missionary. He found Ireland heathen and left it Christian. Some say he was responsible for making Ireland serpent-free!
St. Patrick died, A.D. 464, and was buried at Down, in Ulster. His feast day is March 17.
St. Patrick's Cross
And finally, over all we have the Cross of St. George in red, which is also the flag of England.
St. George, Martyr, is renowned as the armed defender of the Church, one who carried the trophies of victory over the enemy. The Emperor Diocletian had at first favored this illustrious son of a noble family of Cappadocia, but when George reproached the Emperor with his cruelty to Christians, he was cast into prison and put to death with such great cruelty that in the Eastern Liturgy he is styled the "Great Martyr."
England chose him for her patron in 800 A.D. His feast day is April 23.
And, on the right hand side of the flag in the 'badge' position we have the four stars of the Constellation Crux, commonly known as the Southern Cross.
It is easily recognized in the Southern Hemisphere night sky as a Cross, which people usually associate with the instrument of Christ's sacrifice and death for the salvation of mankind.
It is clear that the flag of New Zealand, made up entirely of Christian symbols, the three crosses of the Union Flag and the Southern Cross, is a Christian flag!
But, is there more?
An Impromptu Survey
Over the last 4-6weeks, I have raised the topic of the flag to people I randomly encountered, and out of approximately 50 people of various persuasion, meaning age and gender, I can affirm that only three people thought changing our national flag was a good idea, and two of those actually thought it was an extraordinary waste of money.
Survey revealed an almost Complete Agreement over Christian Flag Conclusion!
Not only did virtually all respondents agree with my explanation as outlined in the preceding few paragraphs, that there was no denying, the flag which entirely displayed Christian symbols, was a Christian flag, but two of them even admitted they were atheists, and dispite this, were unable to dispute the evidence before their very own eyes.
The Question now needed to be raised: Who actually are Christians?
Why a Christian can only be a Catholic
A Christian is someone who follows the true faith of Jesus Christ. In the Acts of the Apostles, we read that it was at Antioch that the followers of Christ were first called Christians.
Acts 11:26- “And they conversed there in the church a whole year; and they taught a great multitude, so that at Antioch the disciples were first named Christians.”
Interestingly, it was also at Antioch, in the year 110, that the term “Catholic” was first applied to the Christian Church. This was done by the famous martyr of the ancient Christian Church, St. Ignatius.
St. Ignatius of Antioch, Epistle to the Smyrnaeans, Chapter 8, 110 A.D.- “Apart from the bishop, let no one do anything that pertains to the Church. The only true Eucharist is the one performed by the bishop or by him whom the bishop has appointed. Wherever the bishop is, there must be the congregation, just as wherever Jesus Christ is there is the Catholic Church.”
In Greek, the term “Catholic” means universal. Thus, the one universal Christian Church came to be known as the Catholic Church. It makes sense that the terms Christian and Catholic became interchangeable; for the only Christian Church which existed from the beginning was the Catholic Church. Ignatius had a real connection to the original Christians. He was the third bishop of Antioch. Ignatius knew St. Polycarp who knew the apostle John himself.
Many think that being Christian means accepting everyone, being kind to everyone. Certainly being Christian involves a true charity toward all men. This means that you work and desire each man’s salvation – each man’s eternal happiness. First and foremost, however, being a Christian requires that one believe all the truths of Jesus Christ. It requires that one hear the one Church He established. For Jesus Himself declared that preaching the Christian faith (the Gospel) means “teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you” (Matthew 28:19). In Matthew 18:17, we read that those who don’t hear the Christian Church established by Jesus are to be considered as the “heathen and publican.”
The true Christian faith has a real power. This power is of course identified with the miracles of its founder, the God-man, Jesus Christ. But the power of the Christian faith didn’t dry up and disappear once Jesus ascended into Heaven. No, Jesus left that power with His Church. He left it not only in the miracles which He said some His followers would perform (John 14:12), but in the supernatural protection and guidance which would sustain His visible Christian institution. In Matthew 16:18-20, we read that this Christian Church structure was founded on the apostle Peter, who would be the first pope. This visible Christian structure would be an ongoing testament to Jesus Christ’s power. It would guide the Christians on the way of truth. It would also be necessary for salvation; for the Lord would add all who were to be true Christians to this one Christian Church (Acts 2:47).
One of the most moving episodes in Christian history – which illustrates the power of the Christian Church and its visible structure – involved the Attila the Hun and his invasion of Italy in 452. Attila the Hun was a fierce non-Christian emperor in the East. He was greatly feared by many in the Christian Roman Empire. In 447, Attila invaded the Eastern Empire.
In 452, he was ready to invade Rome itself, the center of the Christian Church. With Atila threatening the center of the Christian Church, Pope Leo the Great, the undisputed leader of the Christian Church, faced him down. He went out to meet Atilla. As Pope Leo went out to meet Attila, he was miraculously flanked by the apostle Peter. History tells us that St. Peter threatened Attila with death if he should proceed further. Attila was so frightened that he turned back. If Attila had not turned back, all of history might have been different. The leader of the Christian Church carried with him the supernatural protection of Christianity’s founder, the Lord Jesus Christ.
After the initial establishment of the Christian Church, each century brought new challenges and trials for the Christian. Heresies would appear and lead many astray. Many who were Christians were separated by these heresies from the true Christian faith. Arianism was the most notorious of all the early heresies which threatened the Christian. It proclaimed that Jesus Christ was not true God, that He was not equal with the Father. Arianism spread wildly in the 4th century, causing countless people to lose the true Christian faith.
The two central dogmas of the Christian faith are the mysteries of the Trinity and the Incarnation. The Trinity is the truth that there is one God in three divine persons: the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. Each divine person is God; yet there are not three gods, but one God. Each person is a distinct person. The Sabellian heretics, for example, a group of false Christians, wrongly taught that each person is simply a different aspect of God. According to them, The Father and the Son are simply different elements of the same person. This heresy was condemned by the Christian Church. A Christian must believe that there are three divine persons, that each one is God, but that there is only one God.
The other central dogma of the Christian faith is the Incarnation. This is the truth that the Second Person of the Holy Trinity, the Son of God, became man. That is Jesus Christ. He is one divine person, the second person of the Holy Trinity, with two natures. He is true God and true man.
For more about the true Christian faith, which is necessary for salvation, please consult our website.
Well, that's sorted that one out, only Catholics are Christians, which will probably surprise more than a few, why it even surprised a few Catholics!
I mentioned to my son, 'did he know that the New Zealand flag was a Catholic flag'?
He looked at me with some disbelief, and before he could question my seriousness and sanity, I quickly explained what all the elements comprising the flag represented, and then added " I am actually in the middle of doing a blog on it."
Now, if you think all that was funny, try this!
On the outskirts of a small town, there was a big, old pecan tree just inside the cemetery fence. One day, two boys filled up a bucketful of nuts and sat down by the tree, out of sight, and began dividing the nuts.
“One for you, one for me, one for you, one for me,” said one boy.
Several dropped and rolled down toward the fence.
Another boy came riding along the road on his bicycle. As he passed, he thought he heard voices from inside the cemetery. He slowed down to investigate.
Sure enough, he heard: “One for you, one for me, one for you, one for me...”
He just knew what it was. He jumped back on his bike and rode off.
Just around the bend he met an old man with a cane, hobbling along.
“Come here quick,” said the boy, “you won't believe what I heard! Satan and the Lord are down at the cemetery dividing up the souls!”
The man said: “Beat it kid, can't you see it's hard for me to walk.”
When the boy insisted though, the man hobbled slowly to the cemetery.
Standing by the fence they heard: “One for you, One for me. One for you, One for me.”
The old man whispered: “Boy, you've been tellin' me the truth. Let's see if we can see the Lord...”
Shaking with fear, they peered through the fence, yet were still unable to see anything. The old man and the boy gripped the wrought iron bars of the fence tighter and tighter as they tried to get a glimpse of the Lord.
At last they heard: “One for you, One for me. That's all.. Now let's go get those nuts by the fence and we'll be done....”
They say the old man had the lead for a good half-mile before the kid on the bike passed him.
Why Does our Prime Minster want change the flag when we are told 70% of New Zealanders don't ?
Here are a few suggestions, quoting from the man himself, Prime Minster John Key in 2014:
New Zealanders are saying "No Change!" But like the last referendum (child smacking), New Zealanders wishes were over-ridden! Will it be the same this time? I wouldn't hold my breath!
Who Didn't feel a deep sense of National Pride in the New Zealand Flag at the WRC in Twickenham 2015?
Australian and New Zealand Flags - Finals WCR 2015
Whatever the outcome of the Referendum - I have ensured I personally have good supply of the above and that is the flag I will be flying!
If anyone knows how to remove all of this space below feel free to offer advice in comments! In the meantime you will have to simply scroll down a bit until you get to the extra on vaccines and The Truth About Cancer series ... perhaps a little music to assist you ... eh?
Down Town - Petula Clark
Now, if you think all that was funny, try this!
Australian and New Zealand Flags - Finals WCR 2015
Latest Update on Flu Shots- Dr. Sherri Tenpenny
Tuesday - October 13, 2015
Focus on these points to avoid the flu.
The time of year for pushing flu shots has arrived. Maybe you are as annoyed as I am about it? Probably so. And rightfully so. No one is injecting me with a shot to prevent something which 1) I don't consider a big deal if I do get it and 2) I can prevent it without an experimental shot. (Read More)
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Episode 2 on mammograms and cancer etcGo here to watch episode 2
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Remembering the 4th September 2010 & 22 February, 2011 Earthquakes - link. http://catholic2007.blogspot.co.nz/2014/09/4th-september-2010-remembering-71.html
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